Research Initiatives & Findings

The association and our member hospitals conduct research to improve the quality, cost and performance of clinical care, and the effectiveness of children's health care public policy.

These resources include research findings and outcomes available to all members or the public, and key articles in major peer-reviewed journals.


Rate of Toddlers Hospitalized from Opioid Poisoning on the Rise
February 14, 2017

A new study finds the rate of children hospitalized from opioid poisoning has increased over the last 16 years.

Retail Medical Clinics Do Not Reduce ER Visit Costs, Study Finds
February 14, 2017

A new study finds that retail medical clinics do not help reduce emergency room visits or lower health care costs.

Stress During Pregnancy Could Have Long Term Effect on Child's Health
February 14, 2017

Stress, which can cause depression and anxiety, is best avoided—especially if a woman is pregnant, according to a new study presented at the annual ...

25 Biggest Pediatric Health Care Innovations in 25 Years
February 8, 2017

Here's a look at significant trends and innovations in pediatric health care from the last 25 years.

Strategies to Better Serve the Emergency Department Population
February 2, 2017

Hospitals implement strategies to better serve the emergency department population, which helps improve care and reduce costs.

Congress Passes the 21st Century Cures Act
December 9, 2016

The Cures Act includes pediatric provisions related to research, clinical trial design and strengthening of the workforce.

Pediatric Patients with Existing Mental Health Conditions Have Longer Hospital Stays
December 6, 2016

New research shows how comorbid mental health conditions can impact a child's care in the hospital.

CDC Study: Antibiotic Reactions Bringing Kids to the Emergency Department
December 6, 2016

Antibiotic reactions are the leading cause of emergency department visits for adverse drug events among children and adolescents.

For this Children's Hospital CEO, the Fight Against Pediatric Cancer is Personal
November 28, 2016

Children's hospitals join an initiative to develop the next-generation standards for treating pediatric cancer.

Colorado Health Care Partnership Spurs New Discovery and Innovation
November 15, 2016

From "What if?" to "What's next?" Children's Hospital Colorado joins health innovation hub to support new discovery in children's health care.

Building Benchmarks for Pediatric Care: Patients Hospitalized for Asthma, Bronchiolitis and Pneumonia
July 8, 2016

This study shows how hospitals were able to reduce variation in care and reduce costs for common inpatient conditions.

Announcement or News
More than 50 CHA-Related Presentations at 2016 Pediatric Academic Societies Meeting
April 28, 2016

The projects include individual and multi-hospital research efforts as well as CHA analytic, quality and child advocacy programs.

Why Elephants Don't Get Cancer and What it Means for Pediatrics
February 2, 2016

Why elephants rarely get cancer is a mystery that has stumped scientists for decades. A study published in October in the Journal of the American ...

Children's Hospitals Decrease Use of CT Scans
August 25, 2015

A study finds a significant decrease in the use of CT scans at children’s hospitals for 10 common childhood diagnoses.

Comparing Steroid Use Among Inpatients With Asthma
August 25, 2015

A new study finds the use of dexamethasone in patients hospitalized for asthma reduces hospital stays and yields savings.

Association of National Guidelines With Tonsillectomy Perioperative Care and Outcomes
June 22, 2015

This study in Pediatrics looked at the impact of the 2011 perioperative care guidelines on tonsillectomy processes and outcomes.

Variance in Developing Pediatric ACOs Suggests National Collaboration Is Needed
May 7, 2015

This study, published in the Journal of Hospital Administration, highlights the need for national pediatric collaboration and state facilitation for ...

Announcement or News
More Than 60 CHA-related Projects Featured at Pediatric Academic Society Meeting
April 23, 2015

More than 60 research projects involving CHA member hospitals, data and staff will be shared at the industry-leading Pediatric Academic Societies ...

Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs in Freestanding Children's Hospitals
January 2, 2015

This study suggests formalized antimicrobial stewardship programs in children’s hospitals are effective in reducing antibiotic prescribing.

Presentation or Recording
Pediatric Pay-for-Performance
December 20, 2014

Presentation examining the theory behind pay-for-performance programs, their spread into pediatrics and how they may impact children’s hospitals.

Comparative Effectiveness of Intravenous vs Oral Antibiotics for Post-discharge Treatment of Acute Osteomyelitis
December 16, 2014

This study demonstrated otherwise healthy children with acute osteomyelitis can be sent home safely on oral antibiotic treatment.

Presentation or Recording
Children's Hospital-based Accountable Care: A National Survey
November 11, 2014

This study examined 13 pediatric hospital ACOs for payer and provider contracting, prepping for data-driven population health management, bearing ...

Pediatric Severe Sepsis in U.S. Children's Hospitals
November 1, 2014

This study compared the prevalence, resource utilization and mortality for pediatric severe sepsis, and offers important epidemiology demonstrating ...

Decreasing Handoff-related Care Failures in Children’s Hospitals
July 7, 2014

This study published in Pediatrics shows large-scale improvement of handoffs when a best practices bundle was implemented in 23 children's hospitals.

Bronchiolitis Management Before and After the AAP Guidelines
December 1, 2013

This study evaluated the impact of the evidence-based practice guidelines for bronchiolitis management and demonstrated that national guidelines can ...